Our thanks to Robert Reyner, a BIS Researcher at RR Donnelly who kindly agreed to write this review of Fake News: Reading between the Lines held at the University of Liverpool in London on 29 Tachwedd.

Fake news has become the term du jour this year as often highlighted by the President of the United States. Felly, this panel event sponsored by Byd-eang Gwybodaeth Busnes was a timely and informative one.

Events Committee Chair Andrew Grave started the evening by introducing the three speakers and chair:

Jo Tinning-Clowes (Dow Jones),

Phil Bradley (consultant)

Will Gore (Dirprwy Rheolwr Golygydd y Evening Standard a The Independent,en)

Chair Charlie Inskip (Lecturer and Programme Director of MA Library and Information Studies, UCL).

Dechreuodd Jo ei sgwrs o'r enw 'Fifty Shades of ffug' trwy archwilio hanes 'newyddion ffug', sef gair y flwyddyn ar gyfer,,en,yn ôl,,en,Collins,,en,A oedd y cyfan yn dechrau gyda Donald Trump gan ei fod wedi hawlio,,en,Byddai'n yw'n ymddangos,,en,Canfu Jo erthygl o,,en,Ysgrifennydd Brunnell Yn datgan Newyddion Fake Ynglŷn Ei Pobl yn Cael Telegraphed Dros y Wlad gan y C,,en,incinnati Masnachol Tribune,,en,Yna trafodwyd maint y newyddion ffug,,en,o dychan / parodi,,en,camliwio,,en,camgymhariad,,en,newyddiaduraeth ddiog,,en,trolls a chynnwys maleisus,,en,Phil Parhaodd y thema hon yn ei sgwrs 'The Good,,en,Y Drwg a'r Anghywir,,en,Mae hefyd yn trafod y cymhellion dros newyddion ffug,,en,Y prif arian un yn,,en,ond roedd eraill yn propaganda,,en,i hyrwyddo credoau,,en,i gynyddu presenoldeb cyfryngau cymdeithasol,,en,ac yna yr un frawychus,,en,i ledaenu malware,,en 2017 according to Collins.

Was it all started with Donald Trump as he has claimed? It would seem not. Jo found an article from 1890: Secretary Brunnell Declares Fake News About His People is Being Telegraphed Over the Country from the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.

She then discussed the scale of fake news, from satire/parody, misrepresentation, mismatch, lazy journalism, trolls and malicious content.

Phil continued this theme in his talk ‘The Good, The Bad and the Incorrect.

He also discussed the motivations for fake news. The main one being money, but others were propaganda, to promote beliefs, to increase social media presence, and then the scary one, to spread malware.

Yna trodd y sgwrs at y defnydd o beiriannau chwilio am newyddion a sensoriaeth o gynnwys sy'n pyrth fel Google gorfodi,,en,Dangosodd cymhariaeth o ganlyniadau chwilio o wahanol pyrth a sut mae Google yn dod yn ôl heb ddim os oedd y term yn un eu bod eisiau i gyfyngu,,en,Mae atgoffa da i ddefnyddio peiriannau chwilio eraill,,en,Daeth Will sgwrs o ongl wahanol,,en,Bu'n trafod rôl newyddiadurwyr a pha mor beryglus yw hi i bobl sy'n ailadrodd y gwir pryd y gall Donald Trump cau i lawr gydag un tweet,,en,Yna cyflwynodd fideo o Kim Sengupta,,en,Defense Gohebydd o The Independent a siaradodd am ei amser mewn parthau gwrthdaro a'i brofiadau ceisio mynd at galon straeon,,en. He showed a comparison of search results from different portals and how Google came back with none if the term was one that they wanted to restrict. A good reminder to use other search engines.

Will’s talk came from a different angle. He discussed the role of journalists and how dangerous it is for people who repeat the truth when Donald Trump can shut them down with one tweet. He then presented a video of a Kim Sengupta, Defence Correspondent of The Independent who talked about his time in conflict zones and his experiences trying to get to the heart of stories. Y canlyniad yn ymddangos i fod y newyddion prif ffrwd a llwyfannau newyddion difrifol yn gweld twf mewn cylchrediad,,en,Mae darllenwyr y Independent wedi mynd o 50 mil o gopïau wedi'u hargraffu y dydd pan oedd mewn print i dros 120m ddarllenwyr byd-eang yn fisol erbyn hyn mae'n lein yn unig,,en,Ar ôl yr holl hynny,,en,cawsom egwyl haeddiannol ac yna yn ôl ar gyfer Q,,en,gadeirio gan Charlie Inskip,,en,Roedd llawer o gwestiynau,,en,Mae'r casgliadau i lawer oedd bod yna gyfrifoldeb ar unigolion i adnabod eu ffynonellau ac i fod yn gyfrifol am yr hyn y maent yn ei rhannu,,en,Cafwyd awgrym y dylai llythrennedd gwybodaeth yn cael eu haddysgu o oedran ifanc,,en,fel y gallant ddysgu a gwneud eu meddwl eu hunain i fyny,,en,Byddwch yn amheus,,en,gwiriwch y ffynhonnell eich gwybodaeth,,en,gwiriad dwbl defnyddio safleoedd debunking,,en,Meddyliwch am y prawf CRAAP,,en,arian,,en. The readership of the Independent has gone from 50k printed copies per day when it was in print to over 120m monthly global readers now it’s online only.

 

After all that, we had a well-deserved intermission and then back for a Q&Sesiwn, chaired by Charlie Inskip. There were a lot of questions. The conclusions for many were that there is an onus on individuals to know their sources and to be responsible for what they are sharing. There was a suggestion that information literacy should be taught from a young age, so that they can learn and make their own minds up. Be sceptical, check the source of your information, double check using debunking sites. Think about the CRAAP test: (Currency, perthnasedd,,en,awdurdod,,en,Cywirdeb a Phwrpas,,en,yr erthygl,,en,Cofiwch fod yn y DU,,en,newyddiaduraeth teledu yn cael ei reoleiddio,,en,a bod y cyfryngau print yn gytbwys os ydych yn darllen ar draws y papurau sy'n cefnogi'r pleidiau gwahanol,,en,Mae'r Q,,en,Sesiwn i ben ac rydym i gyd yn symud i ystafell arall ar gyfer diodydd a chanapés,,en,Yn ystod y rhan olaf y noson,,en,Datgelwyd enillwyr y gystadleuaeth hefyd yn,,en,Jamie TALMAGE a Katy Watt ddau ennill taleb GBI £ 50 a chopi o Phil Bradleys,,en,Llyfr 'Chwilio Rhyngrwyd Arbenigol',,en,Roedd y brif wobr Enillwyd gan Richard Nelsson priodol o'r Guardian Media Group,,en,Cymerodd cartref taleb a hamper Nadolig gan Fortnum and Mason,,en,Roedd yn noson llawn gwybodaeth ac yn ddiddorol,,en,dalgrynnu i fyny gydag elfen gymdeithasol o hwyl ar y diwedd,,en,Os nad oeddech chi yno,,en, Authority, Accuracy and Purpose) of the article. Remember that in the UK, TV journalism is regulated, and that the print media is balanced if you read across the papers that support the different parties.

The Q&A session concluded and we all moved into another room for drinks and canapes

During this last part of the evening, the winners of the prize draw were also revealed.

Jamie Talmage and Katy Watt both won a £50 GBI voucher and a copy of Phil Bradleys’ book ‘Expert Internet Searching’. The top prize was won by Richard Nelsson appropriately of the Guardian Media Group. He took home a voucher and a Christmas Hamper from Fortnum and Mason!

It was an informative and interesting evening, rounded up with a fun social element at the end. If you weren’t there, gobeithio eich bod ddilyn ni ar Twitter @slaeurope neu'r #SLAonFakeNews hashtag a gallwch nawr gael mynediad at y cyflwyniadau isod,,en,tro nesaf Efallai,,en,ystyried mynychu yn bersonol i gael y profiad llawn CLG Ewrop ac nid ydynt yn dibynnu yn unig ar erthygl ar-lein,,en,Diolch i'r Pwyllgor CLG Digwyddiadau drefnu'r digwyddiad,,en,am noddi ei,,en,cyflwyniad Phil ar gael yn,,en,Bydd Jo yn anfon copi o'i chyflwyniad i chi,,en,dim ond anfon e-bost ati yn,,en. Maybe next time, consider attending in person to gain the full SLA Europe experience and don’t depend solely on an online article!

Thanks to the SLA Events Committee for organising the event, ac i Byd-eang Gwybodaeth Busnes for sponsoring it.

Phil’s presentation is available at https://www.slideshare.net/Philbradley/fake-news-82897778)

Jo will send you a copy of her presentation; just email her at